Oman, a nation on the Arabian Peninsula, has terrain encompassing desert, riverbed oases and long coastlines on the Persian (Arabian) Gulf, Arabian Sea and Gulf of Oman. Wahiba Sands is a region of dunes inhabited by Bedouins. The port capital, Muscat, is home to the massive, contemporary Sultan Qaboos Grand Mosque, and the old waterfront Muttrah quarter, with a labyrinthine souk and busy fish market.

Capital: Muscat
Dialing code: +968
Currency: Omani rial
GDP (PPP): 2017 estimate
Capital and largest city: Muscat; 23°36′N 58°33′E / 23.600°N 58.550°E